What Are the Causes of Behind Broken Heart Syndrome?
Sudden and extreme physical and emotional stress can trigger a series of events that result can result in acute systolic heart failure. This occurs in a characteristic regional wall motion pattern that case serious hypokinesis of the mind as well as apical myocardial segments along with with the blockage the basal segments, resulting in the apical ballooning of the left ventricle.
The pathophysiology that contributes to this symptom is still unclear; however, it does cause a sudden catecholamine surge. A similar acute left ventricular dysfunction pattern was seen in cocaine intoxication. The challenging part about the clinical diagnosis of stress-associated cardiomyopathy is the similarity between the symptoms between broken heart syndrome and acute coronary syndrome. For instance, chest pain, weakness, shortness of breath, hypertension, palpitations, diaphoresis, and nausea are common symptoms of both cases.
Doctors believe that stress hormone plays a prominent role in this condition. The body releases an increased amount of stress hormone in response to particular stimuli. Another theory can damage the heart and impact its functionality.
Generally, broken heart syndrome is followed by an intense trigger. Some of the events that can cause serious ailments include the following:
- Loss of a job – If you have recently lost your job and you have no financial back-up, it can create much stress in your life. Furthermore, if you are always trying to land a new job and you are not getting any, then that can also create acute stress.
- Death of loved ones – If you have recently lost your loved ones, that can also create a stressful situation for you.
- Domestic abuse- if you are a victim of domestic violence, and there is no one to support you, then this is also a severe cause of stress.
- Break up – parting ways from your romantic partner is also a reason that can cause acute stress.
- Divorce- parting away from your spouse is another reason that can trigger extreme stress.
- Frightening medical diagnosis – If you have recently been diagnosed with a severe medical condition that can also create stressful situations.
- Public performance
- The loss or gain of a considerable amount of money
Physical stressors, including car accidents, surgeries, injuries, asthma, can also trigger broken heart syndrome. Moreover, certain medications or drugs can cause broken heart syndrome when they increase the release of stress hormones in the body. Medicines that treat asthma attacks or allergic reactions often contain adrenaline in large quantities.
Some antidepressants can also cause such symptoms. Medications given to patients with thyroid issues include a hormone that stimulates metabolism, resulting in broken heart syndrome.