Health

Countries with the Highest Medical Mortality Rates

4. Lesotho is struggling with its mortality rate and its very low life expectancy of 56 years.  Lesotho has a mortality rate of 12.144 deaths per… Trista - May 13, 2021
They were the last country in Africa to record a COVID-19 case, but they are battling other diseases causing a high mortality rate in Lesotho. Pixabay

4. Lesotho is struggling with its mortality rate and its very low life expectancy of 56 years. 

Lesotho has a mortality rate of 12.144 deaths per 1,000 people. It is almost more concerning than this high number is their life expectancy at birth; it sits at only 56 years old for females and an even lower 52 years for men! The infant mortality rate in Lesotho is also very high at 59 per 1,000 live births. Why are these rates so high and also so low? There are many concerning conditions that affect people in Lesotho, including HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and strokes. There are also high numbers of deaths caused by lower respiratory infections and ischemic heart diseases. 

How is the country dealing with COVID-19? Well, they were the last country in Africa to record a case of the virus and have since recorded a very sharp rise in their patients. It was due to workers traveling from South Africa to go home during the Christmas holidays. Their cases are around 4000, and they have a population of 2 million people. Since then, the country has started to increase their testing to ensure that they are doing whatever they can to avoid the virus getting out of control within the kingdom. They have also become stricter with their quarantine procedures. 

Smoking and binge drinking are significant problems in Latvia and seem to be one of the leading causes of death. Pexels

3. Latvia has a poor health system with low income and education. 

Jumping quite a bit up in Latvia with a mortality rate of 14.669 – this is mainly due to their severely underfunded health care system. Despite this, their life expectancy has been improving over the year. However, they are still far behind compared to the rest of the European Union. The greatest mortality is among men, people with low income and low education. It is interesting to see the correlation between low life expectancy and low education. Those with low education have a life expectancy of ten years less than those with a high education level in the country. 

What is causing these deaths among those who are poorly educated? They are at risk from lifestyle factors, including smoking, binge drinking, and also obesity. These seem to be a common factor between the countries in the top 10 of mortality rates. Moreover, there needs to be some sort of intervention in these areas. The diseases people are dying of are directly related to their lifestyle choices. Without these risk factors, such as smoking and drinking, they would most likely be living much better and longer lives. With these factors, people are at a much greater risk of cancer and cardiovascular diseases. 

Ukraine has a very high rate of HIV/AIDS in their country and recently had a very bad measles outbreak. Pexels

2. Ukraine struggles with a failing health care system and working-age men battling with alcohol poisoning. 

We’ve entered the top two, and Ukraine has the second-highest mortality rate in the world. Their rate is 15.192 deaths per 1,000 people. Ukraine is experiencing what is known as a “demographic crisis.” It has been labeled this because they have a high mortality rate and a low birth rate. Their health care system also isn’t doing well and is very poorly funded. The country experiences high rates of diseases and conditions, which isn’t good if their health care system isn’t the best. They also have meager vaccination rates, leading to many more illnesses than in countries with high vaccine rates. 

So, what are the factors that are contributing to this incredibly high mortality rate? Well, it’s mainly to do with the working-age men in Ukraine. They have high rates of alcohol poisoning and conditions caused by smoking. Just like Lesotho, they also have high rates of HIV/AIDS. They also went through a terrible measles epidemic in June 2019, and they are struggling to recover from that time. Now, being hit by COVID-19, the country is in big trouble, and with a failing health system, it doesn’t seem like they’ll be moving out of the top 10 any time soon. 

Bulgaria seems to be managing the pandemic reasonably well and has vaccinated many of its population so far. Pexels

1. Bulgaria claims the number one spot on this list and has similar death causes to the rest of the countries in Europe. 

You might be surprised to learn that Bulgaria is the number one for the world’s highest mortality rates. Their rate sits at 5.433 deaths per 1,000 people. Is there something significant causing this high death rate? Nope, it’s very similar to the cause of death in the rest of the European countries. Their concerns are diseases of the circulatory, digestive and respiratory systems. Another high cause of death in Bulgaria is cancer. Not only do they have a high death rate, but due to this, they are suffering quite an intense population decline. 

They had about 9 million people in 2000 and are expected to end up between 2.8 million and 5 million. How has COVID-19 impacted Bulgaria? Well, they’ve had around 360 000 cases of the coronavirus confirmed in the country, and they are doing their very best to test as many people as possible who might have the virus. They are also progressing with their vaccination plan to create herd immunity within the country. So far, experts report that 519,635 doses of the vaccine have been administered. Also, 104,845 people have received their second dose. 

More Sources

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-08-infections-deaths-qatar-tackled-covid.html

https://www.koreabiomed.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=8455

https://www.unicef.org/maldives/what-we-do/health

https://www.reuters.com/article/health-coronavirus-singapore-explainer-idUSKBN2680TF

https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2020/06/16/morocco-stepping-up-to-the-covid-19-pandemic-outbreak

https://edition.cnn.com/travel/article/costa-rica-travel-covid-19/index.html

https://www.institutmontaigne.org/en/blog/battle-over-numbers-turkeys-low-case-fatality-rate

https://www.madamasr.com/en/2020/12/03/feature/politics/egypts-covid-19-contradiction-fewer-cases-higher-death-rate/

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-53756752

https://www.irishtimes.com/news/social-affairs/covid-19-one-of-the-lowest-causes-of-death-in-ireland-between-june-and-september-2020-1.4511871

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-56454701

https://www.romaniajournal.ro/society-people/romania-has-the-highest-death-rate-from-preventable-and-treatable-causes-in-the-eu/

https://borgenproject.org/life-expectancy-in-lithuania/

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2021/jan/08/we-cant-cope-lesotho-faces-covid-19-disaster-after-quarantine-failures

https://sofiaglobe.com/2021/04/07/covid-19-in-bulgaria-132-more-deaths-active-cases-rise-to-70-757/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12284509/

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