Pay Attention To These 40 Autoimmune Issues

Polymyositis develops gradually over time.  Polymyositis is an inflammatory muscle disease that affects the muscles closest to the trunk of the body. Eventually, people with polymyositis… Trista - December 11, 2019
This disease is autoimmune disease, causing inflammation and weakness in muscles. Shutterstock

Polymyositis develops gradually over time. 

Polymyositis is an inflammatory muscle disease that affects the muscles closest to the trunk of the body. Eventually, people with polymyositis have trouble rising from a sitting position, climbing stairs, or lifting objects. In some cases, muscles that are not close to the body’s trunk become affected as the disease progresses. Polymyositis rarely affects individuals younger than 18 years of age. It is more common in women. The condition occurs when the immune system cells infiltrate and attack muscle tissue. The cause of polymyositis is unknown. However, it is thought that heredity plays a role. Initial symptoms might include shortness of breath, fever, weight loss, or a patchy rash around the eyes. In some cases, your muscles may ache and be tender to the touch. Muscle weakness is usually gradual and can occur over three to six months. 

Susac’s syndrome is a rare, autoimmune disease. Shutterstock

Susac’s syndrome attacks blood vessels in the body. 

With Susac’s syndrome, the immune system attacks the smallest blood vessels in the brain, retina, and inner ear become blocked, causing these organs to suffer due to decreased blood flow. Although rare, it is more commonly found in females. You may experience a variety of symptoms from your brain, eyes, and inner ear. Symptoms can include severe headaches, slurred speech, loss of peripheral vision, and dizziness. All three parts of this disease may not appear at the same time. It may take weeks, months, or even years for all three parts to show up, and some patients never have more than two of them. Susac’s syndrome occurs when one’s immune system attacks the endothelial cells; the cells that line our blood vessels’ inner walls. When they are attacked, the endothelial cells swell up and partly or completely shut off blood flow through the vessel. The resulting lack of oxygen and nutrients causes the affected organs to suffer. 

Kawasaki disease causes swelling in the walls of the arteries throughout the body. Shutterstock

Impacting primarily children, Kawasaki disease occurs in phases. 

Kawasaki disease is an autoimmune disease that creates inflammation in the walls of medium-sized arteries throughout the body. The inflammation tends to affect the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart muscle. It can also affect lymph nodes, skin, and the mucous membranes inside the mouth, nose, and throat. Kawasaki disease signs and symptoms usually appear in three phases. Symptoms of the first phase can include high fever, rash on the body, and irritability. In the second phase, symptoms can include joint pain, vomiting, and abdominal pain. In the third phase of the disease, signs, and symptoms slowly go away unless complications develop. The exact cause of Kawasaki disease is unknown. However, three risk factors are known to increase the child’s risk of developing Kawasaki disease, including age, sex, and ethnicity. 

The immune system works in mysterious ways. Pixabay

Why does the immune system cause these diseases?

The immune system is the guard that protects our body from diseases and infections. Have you ever imagined that the immune system which safeguards your body from ailments can become a villain and turn against your body? Yes, that’s what happens when you get autoimmune diseases. Your immune system loses the ability to fight off the viruses and becomes vulnerable to diseases and infections. The immune system starts producing antibodies that attack the body tissues rather than fighting the disease. The above mentioned were some of the major autoimmune diseases that everyone must be aware of to fight them and safeguard the immune system. Never remain negligent to uncertain signs of your body. If you have been experiencing any unexplained symptoms and changes in your body, you must immediately consult your doctor and get the right medications before it gets too late.