Dystonia & Parkinson’s Disease
Painful contractions, known as dystonia, can make life for Parkinson’s Disease patients difficult. Dystonia is a movement disorder that can occur in PD and other neurological conditions. Dystonia is characterized by involuntary muscle contractions that cause twisting and repetitive movements or abnormal postures. It can affect different parts of the body, such as the neck, face, arms, or legs, and it can be painful and disabling. The causes of dystonia may involve abnormalities in the basal ganglia, a brain region that is affected in PD. Diagnosis and treatment of dystonia in PD may involve medications, botulinum toxin injections, deep brain stimulation, or physical therapy.