Healthcare workers, particularly in high-risk settings like emergency rooms and critical care units, is a realm rife with dangers. Healthcare professionals in these environments are constantly on the frontlines, facing a multitude of hazards that make their work inherently perilous. They confront a constant risk of exposure to infectious diseases, and the potential for needle-stick injuries, which can transmit infections, looms over them daily. Moreover, the emotionally charged atmosphere can occasionally lead to violence from patients or their visitors, further increasing the inherent danger in the field.
What intensifies the risks in this profession are the unexpected hazards that can suddenly emerge. Disease outbreaks, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, can overwhelm healthcare facilities and put professionals at the forefront of the crisis. The threat of exposure to emerging infectious diseases, for which treatment protocols may not yet exist, presents a formidable challenge. Workplace violence is another unforeseen danger, as patients’ mental states and emotional distress can escalate into physical confrontations, potentially causing injuries and psychological trauma to healthcare professionals. Prolonged exposure to contagious patients, combined with the necessity of wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) for extended periods, may also elevate the risk of heat-related illnesses and overall discomfort for healthcare professionals in high-risk settings