Health

10 Superfoods for Growing Children

6. Sweet Potato Sweet potatoes are a herbaceous vine, and were discovered by Spanish explorers in North and South America at least 5,000 years ago. They… Elizabeth Lilian - February 15, 2017

6. Sweet Potato

Sweet potatoes are a herbaceous vine, and were discovered by Spanish explorers in North and South America at least 5,000 years ago. They grow best in warmer climates but can be found all over the world, like Japan and southern Russia. Sweet potato is a member of the Convolvulaceae family of flowering plants, and its relatives include chokeweed and water spinach. Contrary to common belief, the sweet potato is not related to the common potato.

Sweet potatoes are one of the most nutritional vegetables, and are a staple food item in tropical communities. They’re rich in potassium, phosphorus, manganese, copper, pantothenic acid, biotin, vitamin C, vitamin B6 and dietary fiber. And, according to the Center For Science in the Public Interest, sweet potatoes were rated number one on a list of the worlds healthiest foods. They also contain a wealth of carotenoid pigments, powerful antioxidants that gives sweet potato flesh that vibrant orange color. Recent studies have shown that sweet potatoes have the ability to raise levels of vitamin A in the blood, particularly in children.

Sweet potatoes also contain anti-inflammatory nutrients like anthocyanin, which has been shown to effectively reduce inflammation in test subjects after consuming sweet potato. Another benefit of sweet potato is its ability to potentially improve blood sugar regulation, even in those with type 2 diabetes.

Even fussy eaters may find it hard to resist the taste of sweet potato. They’re simple to cook, and can be done so in many different ways. For younger children, they can be steamed and mashed up with lean mince-meat to make child-friendly hamburger patties, or sliced up and baked as potato chips for older kids. Sweet potatoes are very versatile, and can be just as delicious served up on the side with meat and vegetables.

7. Oats

Oats were first seen in literature going as far back as 1BC and have since been a popular food source, though they haven’t always been so healthy. Oats were actually considered a confectionary in the 1900s and weren’t deemed a health food until the late 90s, shortly before their FDA approval. There are various different species and subspecies of oats, and all have been used as food for livestock and humans for centuries. Types of oats include whole, steel-cut, rolled and instant.

Oats have many health benefits that make them an effective remedy for many things. In the past, they’ve been used to treat rheumatism, chronic neurological pain, bladder weakness, insomnia, stress, anxiety, depression and nervous exhaustion. Oats also have a soothing effect on skin problems like dry skin, itchiness, eczema, measles, chickenpox, psoriasis and sunburn.

Oats are gluten-free and a great source of fiber. They contain more fat and protein than most other grains, as well as important vitamins and minerals such as manganese, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, iron, zinc, folate and vitamins B1 and B5. Oats are one of the most nutrient-rich foods available. Rich in antioxidants and other beneficial plant compounds, they can lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.

Oats contain a soluble fiber called beta-glucan, which may help release satiety hormones (the hormones that tell you you’re full) and delay emptying of the stomach. Oats are a perfect breakfast food because they are so low in sugar and high in protein and fiber, which can help your little one stay fuller for longer. You can enjoy them warm or cold, and add fruit and nuts to give an even bigger dose of nutrients.

8. Cheese

The making of cheese is thought to have occurred more than 4,000 years ago. Cheese is made by adding starter cultures (‘good’ bacteria) and coagulants to milk, which curdles and thickens it until it creates curds. These are then cooked, drained and pressed, becoming the cheese we see in the supermarkets. Cheese can be made from the milk of many animals like cows, goats, sheep, buffalo and even camels.

There are different types of cheese including cheddar, brie, gouda, camembert and parmesan, and they all have different nutritional values. Cheddar is likely the most popular cheese for children, because it can taste quite mild and holds lots of health benefits. Cheese is an excellent source of protein, fat and carbs. It’s also a concentrated source of vitamins and minerals like calcium, vitamin B12, sodium, phosphorus, selenium, zinc, riboflavin, vitamin A and vitamin K2. Eating cheese can support healthy bones and teeth, and may reduce the risk of hypertension and heart disease.

Similar to yogurt, cheese contains probiotics that can help regulate the bacteria in the gut and support a healthy digestive system. Cheese can be quite high in fat, so it’s best to eat in moderation. It also contains lactose, which may affect your child if they appear to be lactose intolerant, and it can cause flare ups in those with milk allergies, so be aware of this when first introducing cheese to your children.

The recommended daily serving of dairy depends on the age of your child, and one serve of dairy is equivalent to two slices of cheese. For younger kids aged four to eight, the serving suggestion is 1 ½ to 2. For those between nine and eleven years, aim for 2 1/2  to 3, and for children between 12 to 18 years old, aim for 3 ½ each day.

9. Fish

People have been fishing for food for thousands of years throughout history. Fish are such a high source of nutritional value, they are the primary diet source of many cultures. In fact, according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization’s The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture (SOFIA), around 85 percent of fish are caught for the purpose of human consumption.

There are countless health benefits of a diet rich in fish. One portion of 150 grams of fish can provide almost 60 percent of daily protein requirements for an adult, and a healthy dose of omega-3, an important fatty acid that can help lower risk of heart disease and relieve joint pain and arthritis. Omega-3 is also vital for neurological development in babies. Fish contains high quality protein, and a variety of other vitamins and minerals like vitamins A and D, phosphorus, magnesium and iodine.

Studies have shown that consuming fish regularly can reduce the risk of asthma in children, and it has also been linked to a 53 percent decreased risk of macular degeneration. A diet of fish can help boost immunity, increase energy, support healthy skin, reduce inflammation and stimulate growth and development. According to the World Register of Marine Species, there are over 240,000 accepted species of fish in the world as of 2017, and that number is only set to rise.

So with so many different species of fish, how do we know which ones to include in our children’s diet? Some species, such as shark and mackerel, are high in mercury, a pollutant and carcinogen. Salmon is said to be one of the healthiest, with tuna not far behind. Both types of fish can be enjoyed from a can, as canned fish tends to be a cheap, quick source of low-fat protein and vitamins. But be wary, as canned fish can sometimes contain more sodium than fresh fish. Limit your child’s fish intake to two or three serves per week in order to ensure they receive the best health benefits.

10. Beans

Beans are thought to be one of the earliest cultivated crops on the planet. They can be divided into two main groups: green or snap beans, of which you can eat the whole thing, and shell or dried beans, which must be shelled before eating. There are many different types of beans within these two groups, like black beans, black-eyed peas, cannellini, chickpeas, kidney beans, lima beans, pinto beans, garbanzo beans and navy beans, and all host a multitude of nutrients.

Beans are rich in phytonutrients and antioxidants, containing folate, magnesium, iron, phytates, potassium, protein, fiber, vitamin B6 and zinc. Health benefits of beans include antioxidative effects, decreased rates of cancer progression, lower cholesterol levels, improved asthma symptoms, reduced blood pressure and stabilization of blood sugar levels. Beans also have an extremely low glycemic index, which means they make you feel fuller for longer.

With so many different types of beans, it’s best to know which ones are the healthiest to include in your child’s diet. Lentils are one of the most popular, as you can include them in many dishes like soup, salad and risotto. Black beans and kidney beans are also popular, and green beans are great to serve up next to some meat and other vegetables. Because they’re so versatile, you can experiment with lots of different recipes that are child-friendly, like Mexican tortillas, quesadillas, home-made nuggets, hamburger patties, or even protein bars.

To give your child the best start in life, it’s vital that they receive as much nutrition as possible. Though it can be hard at times, and most of the food might just end up on the floor, introducing them to a balanced, healthy diet as early as possible will set them up with healthy eating habits that will (hopefully) stay with them throughout life.

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