Uncovering the Truth of Traditional Chinese Medicine

massage originated in ancient China. Shutterstock.

16. Tui Na Massage

Tui Na Massage is one of the most popular forms of Chinese Massage today. It involves deep massage techniques applied over the whole body, especially the back, with many repetitions. Benefits of Chinese Tuina Massage. It’s one of the four main branches of traditional Chinese medicine, along with acupuncture, qi gong, and Chinese herbal medicine. One of the most often cited studies shows that massage can decrease cortisol (the stress chemical) by an average of 31% and increased serotonin and dopamine by around the same amount (31% and 28% respectively). Tui na follows acupressure points, which are the same as acupuncture points.

Massage therapy. Shutterstock.

The points are targets along the body that are around clusters of nerve endings, mast cells, lymphatics, and capillaries, all capable of triggering biochemical and physiological changes in the body. You’ve likely heard chi referenced with these. When you work these points, be it with acupressure or acupuncture, two main things happen. You are creating endogenous opiate release, so you are making your body release its own naturally occurring and created ‘feel-good’ chemicals, like serotonin, dopamine, and opiates. And the second is down-modulation of sympathetic upregulation, which basically just means you are turning down your fight-or-flight response.

An Overview of Chinese Medicine
has some similarities to a Deep Tissue Massage. Shutterstock.

17. What is Tui Na for?

Unlike deep tissue or sports massage, which focus on releasing tight muscular knots by targeting blood flow to the area, Chinese Massage techniques also aim to promote overall health by easing the flow of energy, or “qi”, around the body. There are two main types of Chinese massage. Tui Na, or tuina, is a therapeutic form of massage and has been used in China for more than 5,000 years. Defined as “the ancient healing art of fingers and strength,” tui na (pronounced “twee nah”) has been gaining international attention for its safe and effective treatment for a wide variety of conditions.

Tui Na massage has been around for 5000 years. Shutterstock.

The name of this massage therapy modality comes from the two words describing actions in the treatment: tui means “to push” and na means “to grab or squeeze.” Tui Na has been called a combination of Shiatsu—a Japanese bodywork practice—and acupressure massage. Tui Na massage sessions usually last been thirty minutes and one hour, and normally take place on a massage table. Some techniques and strokes used in Tui Na are much like those used in a relaxing Swedish massage, such as gliding, kneading, rocking, pulling, friction, and rolling

An Overview of Chinese Medicine
Traditional Chinese herbal remedies. Shutterstock.

18. Herbal remedies

Traditional Chinese herbal remedies are part of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and have been used in China for thousands of years. Traditional Chinese herbal remedies are a large part of TCM. They can be given as pills, teas, powders, liquid extracts or syrups. Hundreds of different types of herbs are used in TCM, and TCM practitioners often use combinations of herbs rather than a single herb. Like acupuncture, Chinese herbs can address unhealthy body patterns that manifest in a variety of symptoms and complaints. The aims of Chinese herbal therapy are to help you regain balance in your body and to strengthen your body’s resistance to disease.

Herbal medicine. Shutterstock.

Chinese herbal medicine takes a holistic approach to disease and prophylactic care and focuses as much on the prevention of illness as the treatment of it. Most diseases or illnesses present with a core set of recognisable signs and symptoms, but the actual presentation of a particular disease or illness may vary from person to person. For this reason, people with similar health conditions may be provided with quite different Chinese herbal medicine prescriptions.

An Overview of Chinese Medicine
You may find some in your kitchen. Shutterstock.

19. What substances are used in herbal medicine?

There are more than 450 substances commonly used in Chinese herbal medicine. Chinese herbal medicines are mainly plant based, but some preparations include minerals or animal products. They can be packaged as powders, pastes, lotions or tablets, depending on the herb and its intended use. Different herbs have different properties and can balance particular parts of the body.

Herbs. Shutterstock.

You may find some in your kitchen, such as ginger, garlic and cinnamon, while others, such as chrysanthemum and peony flowers, you are more likely to find in your garden. TCM consists of mostly of plant origin, though some animal and mineral substances may also be used. Some substances that were used traditionally are no longer part of modern professional Chinese herbal medicine practice. For example, traditional remedies with extracts of endangered species have been replaced by other substances with similar actions.

Immune boosting herbs. Shutterstock.

20. Chinese herbal medicine prescribed

A well-constructed formula targets the condition, while counteracting and minimising the unwanted effects of an individual herb. Chinese herbal medicine can assist with general health maintenance and disease prevention. By strengthening and enhancing normal body functions, the immune system is boosted and a general sense of well-being promoted.

In theory, TCM should lead to a happy, healthy, balanced life. Shutterstock.

Benefits of Chinese Massage include, renewed energy, vigor, and strength. soothed lower back pain and sciatica, better cardiovascular health, lowered hypertension (blood pressure), opened up frozen shoulders, relieved rheumatoid arthritis symptoms. increased immunity, and better sleep. Depending on their workload, it is advisable that most people get Chinese massage around three times a month. Some people may experience a lot of stress, or otherwise feel a strong need to take better care of themselves, and then they may come around four times a month.

Herbal formulas according to this standard mode. Shutterstock.

21. Chinese Patent Medicines

In present-day China, there are still many practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine who prescribe herbal formulas according to this standard model. But there are also many pharmaceutical companies which make prepared medicines that  you can buy over the counter in drugstores, just like aspirin or cough syrup in Western pharmacies.

These can be taken in tea or soup form. Shutterstock.

According to Chinese medical theory, each patient should receive a unique treatment specifically made for their individual constitution and imbalances. The Five elements theory in TCM, named as wood, fire, earth, metal and water, divides human body into five systems. Each system has its own specific features that can be inferred by analyzing those natural materials. The movement and interchange among the five elements are used to explain human body’s physiology. The patient then takes these herbs home and cooks them together as a kind of soup or tea.

An Overview of Chinese Medicine
Improve both lower-body strength and upper-body strength. Shutterstock.

22. Movement and concentration exercises (such as Tai Chi)

Although tai chi is slow and gentle and doesn’t leave you breathless, it addresses the key components of fitness — muscle strength, flexibility, balance, and to a lesser degree, aerobic conditioning. Tai chi is an ancient Chinese tradition that, today, is practiced as a graceful form of exercise. It involves a series of movements performed in a slow, focused manner and accompanied by deep breathing.

Tai Chi is a gentle practice. Shutterstock.

Tai chi, also called tai chi chuan, is a noncompetitive, self-paced system of gentle physical exercise and stretching. Each posture flows into the next without pause, ensuring that your body is in constant motion. Tai chi has many different styles. Each style may subtly emphasize various tai chi principles and methods. There are variations within each style. Some styles may focus on health maintenance, while others focus on the martial arts aspect of tai chi. Tai chi is low impact and puts minimal stress on muscles and joints, making it generally safe for all ages and fitness levels. In fact, because tai chi is a low-impact exercise, it may be especially suitable if you’re an older adult who otherwise may not exercise.

Starting off slow. Shutterstock.

23. The Basics of Tai Chi

Although you can rent or buy videos and books about tai chi, consider seeking guidance from a qualified tai chi instructor to gain the full benefits and learn proper techniques. Once you have the basics down, then you could consider using videos or doing it on your own. Practicing outside of classes is a great daily meditation exercise. There are many community gyms and clubs that offer classes free or low prices. And it is great to connect with other people in your area.

A group practicing tai chi. Shutterstock.

To find a class near you, contact local fitness centers, health clubs and senior centers. Tai chi instructors don’t have to be licensed or attend a standard training program. It’s a good idea to ask about an instructor’s training and experience, and get recommendations if possible. A tai chi instructor can teach you specific positions and breathing techniques. An instructor can also teach you how to practice tai chi safely, especially if you have injuries, chronic conditions, or balance or coordination problems. Although tai chi is slow and gentle, and generally doesn’t have negative side effects, it may be possible to get injured if you don’t use the proper techniques.

An Overview of Chinese Medicine
The ability to sense the position of one’s body in space. Shutterstock.

24. Muscle strength

Tai chi and movements like it, can help to improve both lower-body strength and upper-body strength. When practiced regularly, tai chi can be comparable to resistance training and brisk walking. Although you aren’t working with weights or resistance bands, the unsupported arm exercise involved in tai chi strengthens your upper body. Tai chi strengthens both the lower and upper extremities and also the core muscles of the back and abdomen. Tai chi can boost upper and lower body flexibility, strength, and balance.

Tai chi improves balance and, according to some studies, reduces falls. Proprioception — the ability to sense the position of one’s body in space — declines with age. Tai chi helps train this sense, which is a function of sensory neurons in the inner ear and stretch receptors in the muscles and ligaments. Tai chi also improves muscle strength and flexibility, which makes it easier to recover from a stumble. Fear of falling can make you more likely to fall; some studies have found that tai chi training helps reduce that fear.

A certified practitioner. Shutterstock.

25. What to consider when switching to TCM.

If you are thinking of using TCM, a certified practitioner is your safest choice. The federally recognized Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (ACAOM) accredits schools that teach acupuncture and TCM. You’ll also find doctors who denounce traditional Chinese medicine as pseudoscience and quackery, pointing to some of its most outlandish claims, like the ancient practice of prescribing firecrackers to chase away demons, or mysterious concepts still embraced, such as a nebulous life force called qi (a term translated literally as “the steam that rises from the rice”). Others rail against its use of animal parts and warn against the potential dangers of its herbal formulas.

Many of the states that license acupuncture require graduation from an ACAOM-accredited school. The National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine offers separate certification programs in acupuncture, Chinese herbology, and Oriental bodywork. Make sure to do your research and consult a physician while making these decisions that will affect your overall health.

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