Magnetic Resonance Imaging
In 1971, Raymond Damadian, a physician and scientist, accidentally stumbled upon the basis for MRI while studying nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) properties of different tissues. He observed that different tissues in the body emitted distinct electromagnetic signals when subjected to a magnetic field. Recognizing the potential diagnostic applications of this phenomenon, Damadian pioneered the development of the first MRI scanner. His work paved the way for the use of magnetic fields and radio waves to generate detailed images of the body’s internal structures without the need for ionizing radiation.