Diabetes Doubles Your Risk of High Blood Pressure
Diabetes and hypertension are closely linked. People with diabetes are twice as likely to have high blood pressure as those without the condition. Normally, the hormone insulin helps the body process sugar (glucose) by moving it from the bloodstream into cells, which use it for energy. Diabetes results from an inability to produce enough insulin or insulin that doesn’t work properly. As a result, glucose builds up in the blood and causes damage to tissues and organs throughout the body. The blood vessels are particularly vulnerable to high blood sugar levels, putting people with diabetes at high risk for hypertension and other cardiovascular problems. Diabetes-related kidney damage can also contribute to blood pressure issues. Around two-thirds of people with diabetes deal with high blood pressure. Having both conditions increases the risk of serious complications, including heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure. Many risk factors for hypertension overlap with those for type 2 diabetes, so managing one can help control the other.