2. Senior citizens
As people age, the ability of their bodies to absorb vitamins and minerals may deteriorate. They also tend to eat less than before. These factors combined may result in lower levels of substances such as Vitamin B12.
The problems with absorption of vitamins and minerals lie in changes to the digestive system that occur with advancing age. The stomach produces less acid. This means food is not broken down and absorbed properly. Many nutrients are lost during the digestive process when the stomach doesn’t break them down for absorption in the gut.
A decreased appetite is normal as you grow older. Many older people adopt less-healthy eating habits. This is especially true of those who live alone. There is a tendency to avoid cooking for one. This often results in a less-than-desirable diet that doesn’t contain enough vitamins and minerals.
A lower level of Vitamin B12 is also associated with fatigue, irritability and memory loss in the older generation. Since a deficiency is more probable over time, senior citizens should have their vitamin and mineral levels tested to ensure they are at acceptable levels.
1. People with digestive disorders
Digestion is essential for the absorption of all vitamins and minerals. Vitamin B12 is no exception. If you have a condition that causes your stomach to produce less acid than it needs, you will struggle to absorb Vitamin B12. Conditions such as gastritis, hypochlorhydria or achlorhydria fit into this category.
When you have problems with your body producing too much stomach acid, it causes conditions such as esophageal reflux. The treatment for this is antacids. Bear in mind that they reduce the amount of stomach acid in the body. This can affect your body’s ability to absorb Vitamin B12.
Recent surgery on the stomach or intestine can also affect your body’s ability to absorb vitamins and minerals. The affected area will probably not perform at optimal levels during its recovery.
If you have problems with digestion that result in episodes of diarrhea or constipation, it indicates that your body is struggling to absorb nutrients. This not only applies to food but supplements as well. It’s possible your body is expelling waste without having absorbed all the nutrients. A lot of digestion complaints can be resolved with changes in diet and natural remedies.