2. Breathing Difficulty
Grunts and groans from babies are common, and rapid breathing in children with a fever is also common. But, breathing difficulties that have become part of their daily life, and that appear especially during play or exercise, is cause for concern.
Breathing troubles accompanied by a distinct whistling sound when exhaling can be a clear indication of asthma. Babies and smaller children are unlikely to develop asthma, as the risk of asthma increases with age. A hacking cough may be the only mild asthma symptom in babies and small children. Shortness of breath and wheezing at nighttime or after exercise may be symptoms of asthma worsening. Children that make a high-pitched sound when breathing or need to use their abdominal muscles, chest, and neck muscles in order to breathe, may have severe asthma.
Infections of the throat, sinuses, and nose (upper respiratory tract infections) are also a common cause of breathing difficulties. Children are more likely to be affected as they are not yet immune to the viruses that cause these infections. Other symptoms that may appear, include coughing, a fever, aches, and a runny or stuffy nose that forces them to breathe through their mouth. While, lower respiratory tract infections, will affect the lungs and main airways of your child, but are less common. Besides rapid, shallow breathing, other symptoms may include coughing, grunting, wheezing, and problems with drinking and feeding. A child with a lower respiratory infection will more likely require a visit to a doctor to recover.
Besides allergies, asthma, and infection, another possible cause of respiratory issues in children might be the exposure to cigarette smoke, even during their prenatal development. Blockage of an airway by an inhaled object, like a small toy, torn balloon piece, or food, can also be the culprit.