Health

Why These Countries Have Lower Cancer Rates

2. First Ladies of Nigeria in the quest of eliminating cervical cancer. Nigeria has one of the highest numbers for cervical cancer in the world. In… Trista - April 6, 2021
Because of poor awareness and lack of a screening policy, Nigeria has alarmingly high cervical cancer cases. Credit: Shutterstock

2. First Ladies of Nigeria in the quest of eliminating cervical cancer.

Nigeria has one of the highest numbers for cervical cancer in the world. In 2018 alone, they reported over 15,000 cases and over 10,000 deaths from this disease. However, these cases deal with poor awareness mixed with a flawed healthcare system. They lacks a screening policy and accurate diagnostic tools that are so important to lower mortality. So in August of 2020, 194 countries took a stand against cervical cancer and committed to eliminating it. The First Ladies of Nigeria is an organization that serves as advocacy to increase awareness, access to cancer care and influence policy direction in Nigeria to reduce the cases in the country. They are calling into action to eliminate cervical cancer by the end of 2030. 

Credit: Shutterstock

The First Ladies call other countries to get on the same path for cervical cancer elimination with some targets in mind to achieve it by 2030. In the objectives, they have vaccinating 90% of girls younger than 15 years old with the HPV vaccine. Also, 70% of women screened twice in their lifetime, using a high-performance test. Furthermore, having 90% of the women identified with cervical cancer receive the treatment. Even if it’s a very ambitious objective, the First Ladies of Nigeria are committed to their mission. Even with the dismal healthcare delivery and production rate of the vaccines, they aim to change that. These ladies wish to get rid of this disease once and for all.   

Overexposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun can put you at risk of getting skin cancer. Credit: Shutterstock

1. America and its mission to prevent skin cancer.

Skin cancer is one of the most common types, just in the United States. Almost 5 million people are treated for skin cancer, and new cases keep growing. Most types of skin cancer are caused by overexposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun and tanning devices. With 82,000 diagnosed every year and 8,000 fatalities from it, it has become the National Center of Chronic Diseases, something to educate about, especially because teens and young adults are more in danger. Learning how to protect yourself from ultraviolet radiation will help you not to become a victim of it.  

Credit: Shutterstock

The CDC is working to prevent this disease by detecting it early and reducing the health care cost. One of the best ways to reduce skin cancer is to make sure that when having fun in the sun, especially if it’s a daily habit, to avoid sun tanning and indoor tanning at all costs. The CDC also works with communities and decision-makers to increase shade at playgrounds, public pools, and other public spaces. It is also vital to promote sun protection by using sunscreen, sunglasses, hats that can protect you from the rays. 

More Sources:

https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/understanding/what-is-cancer

https://www.britannica.com/science/carcinogen

https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/cancer

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/breast-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20352470

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/10/171011100708.htm

https://www.timesofisrael.com/cancer-is-israels-biggest-killer-though-death-rate-is-among-lowest-in-world/

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-020-0677-5

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/lung-cancer/about/key-statistics.html

https://timesofmalta.com/articles/view/malta-ranks-low-in-cancer-rates-list.347046

https://canceratlas.cancer.org/the-burden/europe/

https://news.expats.cz/weekly-czech-news/the-czech-republics-mortality-rate-has-dropped-by-13-over-the-past-ten-years/#:~:text=Prague%2C%20Nov%2020%20(CTK),(CSU)%2C%20said%20today.

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lung_cancer_in_Australia

http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-10/30/c_138516125.htm

https://www.forbes.com/sites/carltonreid/2018/11/26/dutch-government-invests-extra-e345m-to-get-even-more-people-on-bicycles/?sh=36b94a493bc6

https://www.worldbank.org/en/results/2015/02/26/health-coverage-for-all-in-mexico

https://www.who.int/philippines/news/detail/26-07-2019-new-tobacco-tax-law-is-a-step-in-the-right-direction

https://www.who.int/news-room/feature-stories/detail/Johnson-Johnson-donates-nicotine-patches-to-help-thousands-of-jordanians-quit-tobacco-during-COVID-19

https://www.who.int/news-room/feature-stories/detail/mongolia-essential-country-specific-tools-to-tackle-ncds

https://www.who.int/news/item/30-08-2020-first-ladies-of-nigeria-mobilize-around-the-global-strategy-for-elimination-of-cervical-cancer

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https://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/programs-impact/pop/skin-cancer.htm

 

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