Training

Workout Mistakes That Can Cause Real Damage

12.  Barbell Back Squat Using a barbell when squatting helps to engage the core and yield better results. The barbell back squat is one of the… Trista - June 4, 2018
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12.  Barbell Back Squat

Using a barbell when squatting helps to engage the core and yield better results. The barbell back squat is one of the most common exercises seen at the gym as you can challenge your legs and go heavy. If your form is incorrect, this exercise is dangerous. If it’s done right, it improves overall strength and core stability. Your knees go beyond your toes, and you round your back. When your back is rounded, the barbell rests on your neck rather than your muscles. You go so low that your knees give in. Your heels lift, and you fall forward.

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Set up a bar on a squat rack so that you can step under the bar and rest it on your back behind your shoulders. Pull your elbows back, and squeeze your shoulder blades together. When you contract your shoulder muscles like this, the barbell will rest on them instead of on your neck. Once the barbell is resting properly, step away from the rack. The barbell should be in line with the middle of your feet. Set your feet between hip and shoulder-width apart and sit your butt back into a squat without lifting your feet, letting your knees buckle, or arching your back.

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11. Dumbbell Lunge

Lunges with weights require good balance, so if you have issues keeping your balance, start by doing the exercise without weights. Start with a lighter weight before progressing to a heavier one. A workout with weights increases the work done by the muscles and is very important for bone health. One mistake is to twist your knee sideways, which makes the exercise ineffective and can cause injury. Letting the knee of the forward stepping leg go beyond the tip of the toes can aggravate the knee joint. Lifting the rear foot onto the toes affects your balance.

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Stand up straight with a dumbbell in each hand. Hang arms at your sides with your palms facing your thighs. Your feet should be slightly less than shoulder-width apart. Take a step forward with your right leg, bending the knee until the front thigh is almost parallel to the ground. Your left leg should be bent at the knee and balanced on the toes, and the knee of your right leg should not go past the tip of the toes. Step back into the starting position and repeat with the other leg.

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10. Running

Running is another good form of exercise, and you don’t have to just do it at home or in your neighborhood. Some cities have parks or trails for walking and running as well. Get outside and enjoy the fresh air while getting in some good cardio, too. Be sure to wear proper running shoes, though, and bring water to help you stay hydrated. Don’t go out for a jog in flip flops. You’ll be wishing you had grabbed your tennis shoes before heading out the door. Pace yourself as well. If you start to get winded, stop and take a break, don’t overdo it. 

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It’s a good idea to stretch your legs before taking off down the road or down that trail. You may end up pulling a muscle if you don’t. Taking breaks to drink some water and catch your breath is a good idea as well. Your heart shouldn’t feel like it’s pounding out of your chest, and you shouldn’t feel like you’re about to pass out either. Maybe set a goal for yourself, run a quarter mile the first time, half a mile the second, and so on, until you have reached your goal of how far you wish to run at a time. 

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9. Swimming

Swimming is such a fun and relaxing exercise. Anyone can do it! Even if you’re not sure how to swim confidently, you can use floaties or a life jacket to help you float. It’s excellent for your joints because it doesn’t put pressure on them while you move, and you are in constant motion in the water, even when you don’t realize it. Not everyone has a pool, but there are community centers, public pools, and beaches available to the public for swimming access. Just be sure to put sunscreen on if you are swimming outdoors. 

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Some great exercises to do in the pool can include the backstroke. While floating on your back, row with your arms while kicking with your legs. The breaststroke is another one while floating on your chest, row with your arms, and kick with your legs. You can keep your head up out of the water the whole time or hold your breath with your face down in the water while taking breaths of air every few strokes. Treading water is another form of water exercise that is pretty simple to try too. Staying calm and keeping your head above water, you slowly move your arms and legs back and forth to keep yourself afloat.

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8. Bicycling

Like running, you’re not limited to just your neighborhood. Feel free to explore and go beyond just your block. Find some trails on a lovely sunny day and take your bike for a ride. Be sure to wear some comfortable shoes like tennis shoes or sneakers. Pants or shorts such as sweat pants, leggings, basketball, or bicycle shorts would also be a good idea for some added comfort. Bring a water bottle with you to help stay hydrated along the way, especially on those hot days in case you sweat. 

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When your legs start to feel tired, stop and take a break. Make sure not to push yourself either. It’s easy to pull a muscle by doing something you’re not used to if you overdo it. Also, make sure you are riding a bike that you are comfortable with. Riding one that is too big or small for you can cause back problems. Be sure the tires are also fully pumped with air before going for a ride so that the ride is smooth—nothing like going for a bike ride and having a flat tire when you’re nowhere near home. 

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7. Yoga

Yoga is not only good exercise, but it’s also beneficial for relaxing and meditating. It can help you find your center of balance and help calm you when you feel stressed or overwhelmed. You can do yoga in the comfort of your own home, or find a yoga studio and join a group of others looking for some relaxing exercise like you. All you’ll need is a yoga mat and some comfortable clothes, such as yoga or sweat pants, and an oversized t-shirt or sweatshirt. 

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If you choose to do yoga at home, you may find some yoga videos on the internet or in stores, ranging from beginners to experts. You are also not limited to just doing yoga indoors. Take your mat outside for some outdoor stretches and meditation. You may find you even prefer to do your yoga outside better than indoors. There are so many different poses and stretches to do when doing yoga. You may also find that your balance needs some work, which yoga can help with that, too. 

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6. Stretching

When exercising, it’s important to remember that stretching plays a role. You’ll want to stretch before starting any type of exercise, especially when it’s one that is using a lot of leg and arm muscles. It’s easy to tear muscles and tendons when they’re not properly warmed up first, and you will be left feeling even achier than you would if you don’t stretch beforehand. Simple stretches will even work just fine, too. It’s also good to sometimes stretch, even when you don’t plan on exercising at that time. 

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Stretching after you wake up helps your muscles to relax. Poor posture is caused by tense muscles that aren’t stretched, and overtime will lead to back problems. Think about how cats and dogs stretch as soon as they wake up from their naps before they run off to play or eat. They have the right idea! Stretching takes a minute to do if you’re in a hurry. You’ll be thanking yourself in no time that you had taken the time to stretch. Make sure you stretch all of the time. You can do it after waking up, after sitting for a while, before exercising, or just because. 

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5. Eating Healthy

Now you don’t have to go on a diet just because you decided to pick up a healthier lifestyle of exercising, but it is good to pick up more nutritious eating habits. Eating fast food and processed junk food may seem like a good idea when you’re on the go and don’t have time to cook, but it’s not healthy for you. It’s not that hard to make quick and easy healthy meals at home either. You can always meal prep on a day you are less busy so that you don’t have to worry about meals for the rest of the week. 

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Instead of a bag of chips, trade it for some crunchy carrots. Are you looking for something sweeter? Trade that candy bar for juicy fruit, such as berries or an apple. Make sure to add fiber and protein into your daily diet as well, and cut out unnecessary sugars when you can. Your body will be thanking you. You will soon be feeling so much better, and it may also help build up more muscle and exercise. Remember, you don’t have to go on a diet to eat healthily. You just have to make smarter choices with what you eat and drink. 

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4. Staying Hydrated

Staying hydrated while exercising is probably one the most important things to remember to do. If you’re not hydrated while exercising, you may become dizzy and even faint, causing you to fall, which may lead to injury. Especially if it’s warmer where you are working out, whether indoors or out. Water is the best thing to carry with you even when going for a walk, but even a beverage with electrolytes will do. Just be sure you’re not drinking something that’s loaded with sugar while exercising. It’ll only dehydrate you more. 

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You would think that beverages such as Gatorade or Powerade would be good to have while exercising, but they can be loaded with sugars, and drinking too much of them can dehydrate you more, making you feel sick. Water is honestly the best drink to have around you when doing any exercise, especially if it involves something that will make you work up a sweat. Be sure to stay away from sodas and juices while exercising, as those are also loaded with sugars. You may even realize you’re dehydrated if you finish a workout and have excessive thirst and headaches.

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3. Taking Breaks

Remember, it’s a good idea to occasionally take breaks when you start to feel tired, out of breath, or thirsty when exercising. Over exerting yourself isn’t suitable for your body and can damage your muscles if you’re not careful. So listen to your body when it tells you to slow down and take a breather. For example, when you’re running and your legs start to feel like noodles, it just might be time to stop and give them a break. 

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Another example of taking a break would be if you’re swimming laps in a pool and get short of breath, it’s best to stop and sit on the side for a bit to catch your breath. If you continue to swim, you may make yourself go into panic mode and put your body into shock, or even have a panic or asthma attack if you’re prone to them. Work your way up slowly to reach your goal of how much you can do at a time, don’t go all-in at once, or you may regret it afterward. 

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2. Wearing Proper Attire

Wearing the proper clothing for whatever workout you plan on doing is a good start. If you plan on going for a jog or lifting weight or doing squats, for example, sweatpants or comfortable shorts might be a good idea to wear, along with a baggy shirt or sweatshirt if it’s chilly. If you are outside, wear tennis shoes or sneakers that fit your feet well, and be sure that they are tied, so you do not trip over the laces. When swimming, you can wear a swimsuit of your choice, even shorts or a t-shirt over your suit if that’s more comfortable for you, too.

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When doing any sort of activities and exercises outside, it’s important to remember to wear sunscreen on any part of your skin exposed to the sun. Also, remember that you can still get sunburned on a cloudy day if you’re outside too long with exposed skin on a warm day. If you’re riding a bicycle on a sunny day, it may be a good idea to wear sunglasses to help protect your eyes. The same goes for when you are going for a walk or out running. 

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1. Having Fun While Exercising

Making games out of exercising is a fun way to exercise without making it feel like work. Set goals or timers for yourself. See how many times you can jump rope in 30 seconds, or challenge a friend and see who can ride their bike the fastest around the block. If you make it seem like a game, it will make it seem a lot more fun and might just encourage you to get up and get moving around more, too.

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If you’re at the public pool with your kids, but all they want to do is float around on pool floaties, see if they can swim to one end of the pool and back in under two minutes. They won’t think it’s work, it won’t feel like exercise, and they’ll have fun doing it. You could set the same goal for yourself too. Maybe put a timer for yourself for 20 minutes, and see what different exercises you can accomplish in that amount of time, without overdoing it, of course. Furthermore, remember, don’t forget to stretch, hydrate, rest, and eat properly!

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