Control your weight
If you are over or underweight, your menstrual cycle is probably irregular, and that means you may battle to fall pregnant. Both being overweight or underweight poses risks to you and your baby during pregnancy. Excess weight during pregnancy is associated with many complications, such as preeclampsia, high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, birth defects, caesarian sections and preterm birth. Having too much body fat also makes it difficult to monitor the fetus with ultrasound and hear the heartbeat. Being underweight poses risks such as having a preterm birth or a baby with a low weight at birth and health and behavioral problems.
At your optimal weight, you have a much better chance of a successful pregnancy. Studies show that if you’re overweight and battling to fall pregnant, losing as little as five percent of body weight may increase your chances. If you want to lose weight, you need to use up more calories than you take in. All you may need to do is make a few changes to your diet and become more physically active. The first step is to reduce your calorie intake, and the next step is to do some exercise to help burn calories. If you are underweight, your physician should be able to suggest some dietary changes, including eating healthy, calorie-dense snacks to help you gain weight.