From the time we’re very young, cow’s milk forms part of our daily food intake. It is rich in calcium which builds strong bones and teeth. Cow’s milk is the basis of all dairy products such as cheese, yogurt, and ice-cream. There are a few things to consider when it comes to cow’s milk. First, a cow’s milk needs to be pasteurized. Pasteurization involves the heating and cooling of the milk to eliminate bacteria. Milk contains saturated fats, unsaturated fats, and cholesterol. Full-cream milk contains more than low-fat or skimmed milk.
The mass-production of milk means that massive herds of cows are kept by farmers and milked each day. Cows are fed hormones to make them grow and reach maturity faster than they usually would meet the demands of the market. These growth hormones are in the milk that we drink. The presence of hormones in cow’s milk is disturbing as it has been linked to slightly higher risks of prostate and ovarian cancer according to some studies. Cows are also given antibiotics to prevent the spread of diseases such as foot and mouth disease and anthrax. The antibiotics are transferred to the milk. Pasteurization doesn’t entirely eliminate hormones and antibiotics from the milk we drink.