Radon gas is a naturally occurring, radioactive gas that can be found in the environment. It is produced when uranium in soil, rock, and water breaks down and releases radon gas into the air. Many homes constructed in the 1970s were at risk due to radon in the concrete leaking upward into residential buildings. Homes and buildings can be exposed to radon gas when it seeps through cracks in the foundation, walls, and floors. Prolonged exposure to high levels of radon gas can increase the risk of lung cancer, which is responsible for an estimated 21,000 deaths each year in the United States.
Testing homes and buildings for the presence of radon gas is crucial to reduce the risks associated with exposure. Homeowners or trained professionals can perform radon testing using test kits available at most hardware stores and online. If high levels of radon gas are detected, steps should be taken to reduce exposure. This includes sealing cracks in the foundation and installing a mitigation system. This involves installing a vent pipe and fan to draw radon gas from beneath the building and expel it outdoors. By taking these steps, it will save so much more pain later on in life.