For this test, you will need some HCG test strips which can be found at any pharmacy, a sterile container and some urine. Collect your first urine of the morning in the sterile container and then dip the strip into it with the arrow pointing to the urine. After about three seconds, remove it and place it on a dry, non-absorbent surface. Check the results after five minutes.
The results appear as a double or single line. If two lines appear, you are pregnant. If a single line appears, you are not. Strips are used by millions of women today to confirm pregnancies. They are easily available, and the results are accurate. However, a blood test to confirm pregnancy is usually recommended by gynecologists.
Most brands of home pregnancy tests are about 97% accurate, assuming they are performed according to the instructions given. With this high level of accuracy, you can usually believe the results. However, there are some cases in that you might receive a false reading. Most other medications, such as pain relievers, birth control pills and antibiotics do not interfere with the results. However, some medications can give false results.
Sometimes false positive readings are obtained when medications that contain HCG are being used, such as some fertility treatments. They may indicate that a woman is pregnant even when she is not. Sometimes you will receive a false negative if you test too early, or if the test you use is not sensitive enough. If you do receive a negative result but are still convinced you are pregnant, you should do the test again in a few days.
12. Basal body thermometer
Your basal body temperature (BBT) changes due to various factors, such as your hormone levels. You can use your basal body temperature to determine your most fertile days and check for ovulation. Your gynecologist may recommend charting your temperature to help detect ovulation. It can also be used to check for pregnancy.
When you ovulate, progesterone causes your temperature to rise, and it remains high for about two weeks. Just before the start of your period, the progesterone level drops, and your BBT drops, too. If you are pregnant, it remains high because your progesterone levels remain high. This is why it can be used to determine whether or not you are pregnant.
If you’re going to read your basal body temperature, you need to check it before you get out of bed in the morning. Even going to the bathroom can make your temperature rise and your chart will not be accurate. You need to place the thermometer under your tongue for a few seconds to get an accurate reading. When it comes to pregnancy detection, BBT charts are not the best method and can really only offer small hints.
It may be tempting to look for every small sign of pregnancy, and it can be stressful to wait for long enough to make taking a test effectively. In the interim, using a rise in basal body temperature may give you a clue, but it is also very easy to come to mistaken conclusions and think you’re pregnant when you’re not, or vice versa. An over-the-counter pregnancy test could quickly give you peace of mind.
13. Wheat and barley
One of the earliest known methods of trying to find out whether a woman was pregnant was an ancient Egyptian one known as the wheat and barley test. The urine of the pregnant woman was taken for several days and spread on seeds of wheat and barley to see if crops sprouted. This test was done to detect pregnancy and the gender of a baby.
The Egyptians might have known a thing or two! Researchers subsequently studied this method. They added urine from pregnant and non-pregnant females as well as males to two varieties of seeds of barley and wheat. Distilled water was used as a control. The urine from the non-pregnant females and males caused no growth of the seeds. In 28 out of 40 cases where the urine of pregnant females was used, appreciable growth occurred.
These researchers concluded that when growth occurs, the urine is presumably that of a pregnant woman, but the reverse is not necessarily true. Amazingly, the hormones in the urine actually do help the seedlings to grow. Not bad for those ancient Egyptians! The researchers did state, however, that they found no scientific basis for predicting the sex of a baby from this test.
People have conducted some curious tests to find out the sex of a baby over time – one of these is the cabbage test. Boil a red cabbage, save the water and add it to your urine. If the water turns pink, you’re having a girl, and if it turns purple, it’s a boy. Another idea is that if you have extreme morning sickness that goes beyond the first trimester, you’re probably having a girl. An old wives’ tale is that if you’re carrying low, you’re having a boy and if you’re carrying high, it’s a girl.
14. Mustard powder
This test works a little differently from some of the others in that no urine testing is required. Mustard powder has many uses, one of which is to regulate the menstrual cycle. It can also be used to determine whether a late period is due to pregnancy or other reasons. There are many different reasons why a period could be late, such as changes in diet or hormonal imbalances.
To use mustard powder to test for pregnancy, fill a bath with hot water and add fresh mustard powder. Mix it into the water thoroughly with your hand until all the particles are dissolved. Once it is dissolved, soak your whole body in the bath for about 15 minutes. After this, take a shower and wait until the next day. If you begin menstruation, the result is negative, and the delay was due to some other reason. If there is still no sign of your period, you could be pregnant. The reason this test works is because it raises your body temperature.
In the 1950s, if a woman wanted to know if she was pregnant, she could have her urine injected into an African-clawed frog. The frog acted as a living pregnancy test, and if it laid eggs between five and twelve hours of being injected, the woman was pregnant. This test was faster and better than other tests which involved the deaths of mice, rabbits and frogs.
The use of frogs was slowly abandoned, but it was the frogs that turned pregnancy testing into a large-scale endeavor. Tens of thousands of frogs were injected with human urine in the 1940s and 1950s. Stocks of the African clawed frog (Xenopus) popped up all over the world as they became the very first mainstream pregnancy test.
15. Wine Pregnancy Test
There was a time when urine was tested not by using high-tech pregnancy tests or medical doctors but by prophets. These experts would examine urine and ascertain whether a baby was on the way by considering various factors such as smell and color. The more advanced prophets mixed the urine with wine. The urine was shaken up with the alcohol in a specially constructed container and observed for any changes.
Alcohol does, in fact, react with some of the proteins produced during pregnancy and cause changes in consistency, so maybe there was more to this method than meets the eye. Uroscopy, or examining urine, is a practice that actually dates back to ancient Babylonia.
The evolution of pregnancy testing has been a long and rather bizarre journey. In 1988, the first one-piece test kit was introduced by Unilever. In these kits, porous paper was permeated with antibodies that reacted to HCG. As the urine passed through the antibodies and into the control area, a colored band would appear if you were pregnant.
Today women have their pick of many user-friendly, accurate home pregnancy test kits though it’s interesting to note that we are still detecting pregnancy today by urinating on things. Most women now have the luxury of choice – they can choose to have some fun by trying out recipes that may have been all that some women could depend on in the past. Then they can pick up a kit from a pharmacy and get an accurate enough result to make that appointment with a gynecologist.