Bleeding is like a period. Bleeding is when there is enough blood to resemble a menstrual period. When you are bleeding you will need a pad to keep the blood from soaking your clothes. Bleeding during pregnancy is abnormal. Bleeding can be a serious cause for concern during pregnancy, but at least 50% of women with bleeding go on to have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby. Bleeding is more common during the second or third trimesters. Often bleeding occurs with no pain.
A common cause of bleeding is a condition called placenta previa. This is a condition in which the placenta lies low in the uterus and is attached close to or covering the cervix (the opening of the uterus). Placenta previa occurs in about one in every 200 pregnancies. This is a serious condition and requires immediate care. Women who are at higher risk of this condition are women who have already had other pregnancies, caesarian births, or other types of surgery on the uterus. Women who are carrying more than one baby are also at risk.
Another reason for bleeding is a placental abruption. This is a more serious condition when the placenta detaches partially or totally from the uterus during pregnancy. This can deprive your baby of oxygen and nutrients, and cause severe bleeding. This condition happens in 1 percent of pregnancies and it usually occurs during the last 12 weeks of pregnancy. Women who are at higher risk of placental abruption are those who have already had children, who have had a previous abruption, who have sickle cell anemia, high blood pressure, trauma or injuries to the stomach or are 35 years or older.
Abnormal bleeding can also signal an Ectopic pregnancy. This is a nonviable pregnancy where a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus, and it requires immediate medical attention. Heavy vaginal bleeding will be accompanied by abdominal pain. vulnerable to bleeding.