14. Sweet-Smelling Breath
Not all sweet-smelling breath is good. There are some children who have sweet-smelling breath and this could be a sign of diabetes. It stands to reason that most children with this smell stand a good chance that they may have diabetes. Studies have also shown that gases in the breath of adults are associated with blood glucose and blood ketone levels who have type 1 and 2 diabetes. It has been proven that approximately one in four children who have type 1 diabetes are not diagnosed until diabetic ketoacidosis has developed. This is an extreme and dangerous hyperglycemic condition and is an indication that your diabetes is out of control. If diabetes is not being managed appropriately, there is a lack of insulin that helps deliver glucose to the cells.
This lack of glucose which is the main source of energy for the body results in the body using fat instead to get energy. The main byproduct of this process is ketone which then accumulates in the blood and slowly into the urine. One type of ketone referred to as acetone produces a fruity smell. Therefore, if you have ketones in your body then you will be producing this fruity smell in your breath. The studies have also shown that it is really possible that measuring the breaths of children will help identify diabetes earlier. Children undergo blood tests to test if they have diabetes which can be uncomfortable for them. Furthermore, there are studies aimed at linking breath acetone and blood ketone levels. Should it be proven that there is that link, then it would be possible to prevent the development of diabetic ketoacidosis in children with diabetes who are already sick.