Symptoms of the Common Cold
The most common symptoms experienced include a scratchy or sore throat (usually the first sign of infection), sneezing, watery eyes, stuffy nose and mucus draining from the nose into the throat. This nasal congestion is caused by the inflammation of large veins in the lining of the nose. Headaches and decreased appetite may also be present.
Coughing is developed later in the disease and is caused by inflammation of the larynx, trachea and lower airways. The cough can either produce mucus or not. More severe symptoms would include a high fever (typically found in infants and the elderly) and muscle aches, which may be a sign of the flu instead of a cold if other symptoms are not present.